By Catherine Fisher Collins
Written through a workforce of specialists that comes with medical professionals, nurses, social employees, psychologists, and chemists, this instruction manual specializes in the illnesses that pose the best danger to African American ladies at the present time. issues contain African American ladies and center affliction, sickle telephone, breast melanoma, diabetes, HIV and AIDS, in addition to psychological disease. Social matters that impact future health also are tested, together with poverty, homelessness, rigidity, racism, sexism, and therapy disparities. thirds of the chapters are all-new with clean subject matters and data, and the rest chapters were thoroughly up to date.
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Additional resources for African American Women's Health and Social Issues: Second Edition
CARDIAC PROCEDURES The usual methods of cardiac evaluation are electrocardiogram, echocardiogram, stress testing, and newer methods like positron emission tomography (PET), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and high resolution computed tomography (SPECT MPI). Dr. Jennifer Mieres describes the best stress testing techniques for the moderate risk patient in her 2005 review in Cardiology Special Section. , 2005). Stress testing is usually done with a physician and technologist in attendance monitoring a patient either walking, biking, or being injected with medications such as dobutamine, adenosine, or dipyridamole with electrocardiograms taken before, during, and after, and imaging done before and after exercise.
Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death among African American women. African American women are at high risk for both a greater mortality rate and a presentation for cancer treatment at a later stage of disease. Although the incidence rate of breast cancer is about 17 percent lower in African American women than in white women, the death rate is 32 percent higher (American Cancer Society [ACS], 2005). , 2001). The five-year relative survival rate for breast cancer diagnosed from 1995 to 2000 among African American women was 75 percent, compared with 89 percent among whites (ACS, 2005).
10. Keep your waist size less than 35 inches for woman and 40 inches for a man. 11. Follow your body mass index (normal: 20–25). 12. Know your C-reactive protein and homocysteine levels. 13. Discuss taking Vitamins B6 and B12, folate, aspirin, and alcohol with your doctor. 14. Do not think estrogens will prevent a heart attack, since they may do the opposite. 15. Know heart attack symptoms and ask for advanced testing if you have them. 16. When in the emergency room for heart problem, ask for an ECG and troponin-T.
African American Women's Health and Social Issues: Second Edition by Catherine Fisher Collins