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By H. J. Walker (auth.), H. Jesse Walker (eds.)

ISBN-10: 9400929994

ISBN-13: 9789400929999

ISBN-10: 9401078475

ISBN-13: 9789401078474

This quantity is the results of an initiative of the fee at the Coastal atmosphere of the overseas Geographical Union. The preliminary idea from which the plan has proceeded was once offered on the twenty fourth foreign Geographical Congress in Japan in 1980. AUTHORSHIP AND insurance the entire articles during this quantity were written via experts conversant in the coastal phase mentioned. approximately all were ready by way of voters of the rustic (and, for that topic, even every one subregion) thought of. with regards to exceptions (e.g. Suriname), the authors have carried out fieldwork at the coast of the rustic they deal with. as a way to protect the "on-the-spot" integrity of the amount, it was once made up our minds to not fill within the blanks alongside the world's sea coast with library researched chapters. hence, insurance is variable. approximately each coastal kingdom in Europe is represented while for Africa and South the USA there are significant gaps. additionally, there are 2 situations of overlap. when it comes to England (with a coastline of approximately 3,000 km) a complementary bankruptcy on Lincolnshire (with a coastline of basically one hundred fifty five km) is incorporated. the opposite case is the final article at the Baltic Coast of the USSR that is supported by means of chapters on Estonia and Lithuania.

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Extra info for Artificial Structures and Shorelines

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Seaward of the mainland there are many islands, which usually decrease in size and height toward the open sea. Nowhere else in the world is there such a concentration of islands as is to be found along most parts of the Finnish coast. All in all, there are 73,000, the majority of them small; only 20,400 are more than one ha in area. Consequently, the Finnish coast has commonly been designated an archipelago coast. Continuing advance is the common factor in the modern evolution of the Finnish coastline, especially in the northwest where the rate of uplift, in relation to sea level, is 8 mm/yr.

Lumbering, timber flotation, and subsistence farming occur. Fishing is of a semiprimitive nature. However, every spring, large fishing cartels hunt seals, an undertaking that is strictly controlled. It is planned to construct a large tidal power station in Mezensky Bay. The entire eastern shore will be dammed and the mouths of the Mezen and Kuloy Rivers will be included in the future water area. The total length of the dams will be more than 100 km. Undoubtedly, the increased amount of electric power will radically change the economy of this extensive region; industry will be developed and agriculture modernized.

The prevailing west winds create 2 powerful drifts along the coast. Material from the first flow has formed the Russkiy Zavorot, a spit about 80 km long. Further to sea is located Guliaevskiye Koshki, a chain of islands and submarine shallows 90 km long. A few deep channels between the islands are navigable, which allows large vessels to enter the Pechora Estuary. The next spit, the long Medynsky Zavorot, which separates the Khaipudyrskaya Gufa from the sea, lies half-way across the entrance to this gulf.

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Artificial Structures and Shorelines by H. J. Walker (auth.), H. Jesse Walker (eds.)

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